The VI was originally built around a ChipKit MAX32 development board, which used a PIC32MX795F512 processor. We chose to move away from this architecture due to the closed source nature of Microchip's C32 compiler for the PIC32. It was pleasant enough using the compiler packaged with the chipKIT IDE (MPIDE) but the licensing situation was unclear, particularly with the Microchip Peripheral libraries (MAL).
Most other MCUs in the same performance category as the PIC32 device lie in the ARM-Cortex-M family, particularly the ARM Cortex-M3 core. Several major MCU manufacturers make Cortex-M3 devices (Atmel, NXP, STMicro, TI). The NXP LPC17XX line was selected due to it's excellent open-source compiler support, library support, and ease of programming. Many off-the-shelf open-source hardware designs exist for the LPC1768, and this encourages a large amount of community support and a wider variety of user-contributed libraries.
The MCU system design was based around the Blueboard LPC1768-H. This was done to allow firmware to be prototyped on an off-the-shelf open-source hardware. The hardware configuration is also compatible with the MBED rapid prototyping board/environment. The Clock, Power and USB subsystems are all equivalent. The JTAG interface was converted to the 10-pin ARM JTAG Mini format to reduce the PCB footprint of the normal large 20-pin JTAG connector. This results in a 12MHz external crystal oscillator stepped up to a 100MHz system clock.